Hepatomegaly – The Symptoms & Causes
Hepatomegaly refers to a medical condition in which the liver is swollen or enlarged beyond the normal size. As far as the size of the liver is concerned, it depends on factors such as gender, age, body weight as well as shape.
What are Symptoms of Hepatomegaly
At times, there may not be any symptom of an enlarged liver. However, if the condition is unusual, a person may experience some of the common symptoms as listed below:
- Yellowing of Eyes or Jaundice
- Loss of Appetite
- Pain in Muscles
- Pain in Abdomen
- Weight Loss
Apart from these, some patients also experience, itching, swelling in legs, and vomiting. If the symptoms or signs persist for a long time, it is essential to consult a doctor at a liver transplant hospital in Delhi for diagnosis and suitable treatment if diagnosed with Hepatomegaly.
In case the symptoms become serious or life-threatening, the patient must seek immediate medical care. Some of the best healthcare providers at Max Healthcare include doctors like transplant surgeon & hepatologists who can help the patients in getting the best treatment on time.
Some of the life-threatening symptoms of Hepatomegaly are:
- Bloating and Swelling of Abdomen
- Blood in Vomit
- Trouble in Walking
- Jaundice and Fever
- Bleeding from various sites
Causes of Hepatomegaly
Some of the causes of an enlarged liver include:
- Alcoholic Liver Disease: This includes alcoholic fatty disease, cirrhosis, and alcoholic hepatitis.
- Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Also known as NAFLD, it is a type of fatty liver which is caused by the accumulation of fat in the liver due to causes other than alcohol.Obesity is a major cause
- Viral Hepatitis: It is the inflammation of the liver that can be due to Hepatitis A, B, C, D or E.
- Cancer: The most common type of cancer that leads to Hepatomegaly is liver cancer. Others on the list are some types of leukemia, lymphoma and Multiple myeloma.
- Genetic diseases: Hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease, Glycogen storage diseases and Gaucher’s disease are some of the common genetic diseases that can be associated with an enlarged liver.
- Issues in Heart and Blood Vessels: Congestive heart failure, blockage of veins and stenosis in the heart are some of the conditions that can cause Hepatomegaly.
Some other less-common liver diseases that may cause excessive swelling in the organ are Liver abscess, Amyloidosis, Schistosomiasis, Primary sclerosing cholangitis and Primary biliary cirrhosis.
How to prevent it?
Prevention is always the best option in case of medical issues. Here are some of the ways that can reduce the risk of Hepatomegaly if followed diligently:
Following these tips can decrease the chances of a liver disease.
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Disclaimer: This is meant for an educational purpose and for sharing information.All medical and surgical decisions should only be taken after proper consultation with your doctor.As medical science is a fast evolving branch some information constantly needs to be updated.Read my full disclaimer here.