What’s a hypothyroidism prevention diet?
What should I avoid in my diet ,I have hypothyroidism?
I don’t have a thyroid problem but many in my family have thyroid disease.What should I do to prevent hypofunctioning of the thyroid?
I am overweight and borderline hypothyroid.What should I avoid eating?
What should I eat to keep my thyroid active?
These are some of the frequent questions I face while taking care of people with a thyroid problem.
I realized that with the wholesale addition of variety of soy protein additives in our diet, we are all at risk of thyroid suppression.
So the best way to fight this is increased awareness.
Some scary facts:
Lactose free baby food often has soya derivative as the main component. The baby gets a hyper dose of soya which can suppress the thyroid gland.
Growing up the poorly functionIg thyroid gland can cause
- Childhood obesity
- Precocious puberty (due to the effect of excessive phyto-estrogen),
- Poor cognitive development and variety of other health issues.
Cows milk may have a high concentrate of soya protein end products , as soyabean is a cheap cattle feed.
Many ready made bakery items ,biscuits ,snacks use soya as a cheap filler .
What about superveggies like Kale?
Kale has thiocynate which is a known thyroid depressor and goitrogen.
There are inadequate studies about the exact amount of thiocynate in Kale.
Actually moderation is the key.Having Kale cooked or in a salad is great for its health benefits like calcium, vitamin C, iron, fiber, and antioxidants.
But kale juice may concentrate this thiocynate in significantly high number .This makes it difficult for your thyroid to be it’s usual active self.
Having 5 portions of fruits and veggies is good for your health.
When Is Kale a problem?
- Excessive kale may be a problem.
- If you already have an underactive thyroid .
- If you have a family history of thyroid disease.
- Vegetarians,vegans may have a higher risk of depression of thyroid gland .
So we are being flooded with thyroid suppressing antinutrients.
That’s why I wrote this post to spread a little love for your thyroid gland
Do I need medicines?
Can I get better with homeopathy/ayurveda/naturopathy?
The answer to these questions are searched for on platforms like Lybrate repeatedly.
So I decided to give a brief outline of what helps in Hypothyroidism.
First :medicines are mandatory.
There’s no getting round this.
Otherwise you may have:
- weight gain
- Muscle ache,
- Sleep issues
- Mental health problems like anxiety,depression
- Hypothyroidism is also a little known reversible cause of sensorineural hearing loss.
- Skin changes
Minimum investigation you must do
You need to get an
- USG neck done
- FNAC USG guided aspieation of thyroid gland(If you have a thyroid swelling)
- FT3/FT4/TSH (Thyroid function tests)
It’s better to give blood after 12 hours fasting for thyroid function test .A fasting sample has a higher chance of detecting subclinical hypothyroidism
If you have already done these testsShare on lybrate I can help you better.
Questions you need to answer:
- Any history of alcohol intake /fatty food /sugary food.
- How much exercise do you get done every day?
- Hypothyroidism has a vicious cycle of
- increased level of TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone)
- Increased body weight
- Decreasing BMR
- Increased requirements of Thyroid hormone
General healthy lifestyle guidelines :
- Ideally, you should be doing a good mix of cardio , weights, and crossfit , yoga to keep you healthy ,fit and flexible.
- At least 40 minutes per day.
- Avoid deep fried fatty food and fast food.
- No soft drinks /sugary drinks.
- It’s important you maintain your body weight exercise regularly.Weight gain increases thyroid hormone requirements.
- Avoid cruciferous group of veggies like cabbage and broccoli.
- Avoid soya bean in all forms.No soya , nugget,chunk,tofu or milk.
Sometimes total avoidance is not possible
- Limit intake:
Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, turnips, and bok choy.
- Cooking the vegetables can reduce the effect that cruciferous vegetables have on the thyroid gland.
- Limiting your intake to 5 ounces a day appears to have no adverse effect on thyroid function.
- Decrease gluten intake from processed food.
- Always try whole grain varieties of cereals which is rich in fibres and help improve bowels
- Avoid excessive fatty (deep fried)and sugary food as hypothyroidism causes your metabolism to slow down &weight gain.
- Avoid highly salted food,chips,pickles,sauces as they contain large amount of sodium.Hypothyroidism puts you at risk of high blood pressure .Excess sodium in salt aggravates
- Coffee in excess.And coffee with thyroid hormone replacement can prevent absorption.
- Alcohol: It is toxic to thyroid gland and prevents hormone production and absorption.
You will start gettingbetter as the levels of your hormone normalizes.
Will you have to repeat the thyroid hormone test?
Yes you will need to regularly check your TSH level to titrate the thyroid hormone level.
Initially, you need to do the TSH test (THYROID hormone test)every 6 weeks till normal TSH then every 3 months.
Updated October 2017