What is Allergic Rhinitis
Allergic Rhinitis is a hyperimmune response to various allergens.
Heredity and environment both play considerable role in the progression of the disease.
The main problem with the condition is that it affects the quality of life in a major way.
The constant sneezing, itchy sensation of nose, nasal stuffiness , watery discharge from nose , headache all pose serious irritation and difficulty in day to day functioning.
What causes allergic Rhinitis?
People are genetically susceptible to certain things a.k.a allergens:dust mites, pollens, animal furs, dander etc.
Allergy is basically a hyperimmune response to allergens.
How to beat it?
This is where the answer gets tricky.Lifestyle changes play a big role in long term disease free status.
- Strict avoidance of allergens, and smoking helps in decreasing the exposure to disease causing factors .
- Use of plain water steam daily helps to clean the nasal airways and is a great way to decrease the disease burden.
- Nasal sprays containing either a combination of or single drug most commonly inhalational steroids.
- Oral anti allergic medicine.
The important thing for you to remember is that treatment often ranges in duration from 3 to 6 months with doses of nasal spray being tapered gradually.
Patience and disciplined lifestyle choices go a long way in keeping you disease free and helps to decrease drug dosage.
The main problem is of compliance to the regimen. For this you really need to be motivated and keep that motivation throughout the course of your initial treatment and maintenance phase.
Complications of Allergic Rhinitis
- Nasal polyp
- Otitis media (ear infections)
- Allergic Pharyngitis
- Allergic Laryngitis
- Bronchial asthma….as one airway , one disease!
Checklist to avoid problems of Allergic Rhinitis
- Cleaning air conditioners dust trapper every 2 weeks.
- Avoiding pets which have excessive shedding cycle
- Avoid dust accumulation in the house as far as practical.
- Dusting vaccuming etc should be done with windows open and wearing a face mask.
- Cleaning Air conditioner dust filters every two weeks with soap and water(just servicing every 3/6 months is inadequate to deal with the dust build up.
- Change pillow covers and other bedding materials regularly.Give them for airing.
- Steam inhalation regularly (for adults and older children ) even during asymptomatic period.
- Indoor plants to purify indoor air
These small changes go a long way in keeping us allergy free.Heredity plays a big role but so does environment, so changing environment keeps the power in your hand to change your life and that of your children.